CNIT 129S: Securing Web Applications

77382 Mon 6:10 - 10:00 PM SCIE 200

Fall 2016 -- Sam Bowne

Schedule · Lecture Notes · Projects · Links · Home Page

Scores

Open Lab Hours for Sci 214


Course Justification

Industry advisors have repeatedly asked us to teach this class, because every modern business needs a web presence and there are far too few workers qualified to protect them from hackers. There are many jobs available for students who learn how to protect our healthcare, financial, and other confidential data from criminals, spies, and pranksters.

Catalog Description

Techniques used by attackers to breach Web applications, and how to protect them. How to secure authentication, access, databases, and back-end components. How to protect users from each other. How to find common vulnerabilities in compiled code and source code.

Advisory: CNIT 131 and CNIT 120, or comparable familiarity with websites and security concepts

Major Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
  1. Explain the current state of Web application security
  2. Analyze basic application functionality
  3. Secure data stores and back-end components
  4. Protect users from other users
  5. Demonstrate common exploits and patch their root causes
  6. Implement servers and firewalls effectively

Textbook

"The Web Application Hacker's Handbook: Finding and Exploiting Security Flaws 2nd Edition", by Dafydd Stuttard , Marcus Pinto; ISBN-10: 1118026470 Buy from Amazon



Schedule (subject to revision)

DateQuizTopic


Mon 8-15  Ch 1: Web Application (In)security
Ch 2: Core Defense Mechanisms


Mon 8-22  Ch 3: Web Application Technologies
 


Mon 8-29  Ch 3: Web Application Technologies (continued)


Fri 9-2 Last Day to Add Classes


Mon 9-5 Holiday - No Class


Mon 9-12No Quiz
No Proj Due
Guest Speaker: Kashmir Hill from Fusion
Twitter: @kashhill


Mon 9-19Quiz: Ch 1-3
Proj 1-3 due
Ch 4: Mapping the Application
 


Mon 9-26Quiz Ch 4
Proj 4 due
Ch 5: Bypassing Client-Side Controls
 


Mon 10-3Quiz: Ch 5
Proj 5-6 due
Ch 6: Attacking Authentication
 


Mon 10-10Quiz: Ch 6
Proj 7 due
Ch 7: Attacking Session Management
 


Mon 10-17No Quiz
No Proj Due
Guest Speaker: Michael Fowl from KirkPatrickPrice Penetration Testing


Mon 10-24Quiz: Ch 7
Proj 8 due
Ch 8: Attacking Access Controls
Ch 9: Attacking Data Stores (Part 1)
   


Mon 10-31No Quiz
Proj 9 & 10 due
Ch 9: Attacking Data Stores (Part 2)
 


Mon 10-24 Mid-Term Grades Due


Mon 11-7Quiz: Ch 8-9
Proj 11-12 due
Ch 10: Attacking Back-End Components
 


Mon 11-14Quiz: Ch 10
Proj 13 due
Ch 11: Attacking Application Logic
Ch 12: Attacking Users: Cross-Site Scripting (Part 1)
 


Mon 11-21No Quiz
Proj 14 due
Ch 12: Attacking Users: Cross-Site Scripting (Part 2)


Mon 11-28No Quiz
Proj 15 due
Ch 13: Attacking Users: Other Techniques (Part 1)


Mon 12-5No Quiz
All Extra Credit Projects Due
Last Class: Ch 13: Attacking Users: Other Techniques (Part 2)


Mon 12-12  Final Exam





Lectures

Policy

Ch 1: Web Application (In)security & Ch 2: Core Defense Mechanisms · KEY · PDF
Ch 3: Web Application Technologies · KEY · PDF
How to Burp (PDF)
Ch 4: Mapping the Application · KEY · PDF
Ch 5: Bypassing Client-Side Controls · KEY · PDF
Ch 6: Attacking Authentication · KEY · PDF
Ch 7: Attacking Session Management · KEY · PDF
Ch 8: Attacking Access Controls · KEY · PDF
Ch 9: Attacking Data Stores (Part 1 of 2) · KEY · PDF
Ch 9: Attacking Data Stores (Part 2 of 2) · KEY · PDF
Ch 10: Attacking Back-End Components · KEY · PDF
Ch 11: Attacking Application Logic · KEY · PDF
Ch 12: Attacking Users: Cross-Site Scripting (Part 1 of 3) · KEY · PDF
Ch 12: Attacking Users: Cross-Site Scripting (Part 2 of 3) · KEY · PDF
Ch 13: Attacking Users: Other Techniques (Part 1 of 2) · KEY · PDF
Ch 13: Attacking Users: Other Techniques (Part 2 of 2) · KEY · PDF

To get PPT files, use Cloud Convert.


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Projects

Project 1: Command Injection (15 pts.)
Project 2: SQL Injection (10 pts.)
Project 3: Intro to Burp (15 pts.)
Project 4: Zed Attack Proxy (20 pts.)
Project 5: Mapping an Application with Burp (15 pts.)
Project 6: Making a Linux Virtual Machine (15 pts.) (rev. 10-4-16)
Project 7: Using Tripwire for Intrusion Detection (15 pts.)
Project 8: Defeating Client-Side Validation with Burp (15 pts.)
Project 9: reCAPTCHA (15 pts.) (rev. 10-13-16)
Project 10: Exploiting ECB-Encrypted Tokens with Burp (15 pts.)
Project 11: SQL Injection 2 (10 pts.)
Project 12: PHP Insecurities (10 pts.)
Project 13: Automating Web Requests with Python (15 pts. + 30 Extra Credit)
Project 14: Logic Flaws (15 pts. + 20 pts. Extra Credit)
Project 15: XSS (15 pts.)

Extra Credit

Binary Games (Up to 40 pts.)
Project 1x: Command Injection Challenges (25 pts.) (ImageMagick Exploit Fixed 12-1-16)
Project 2x: SQL Injection Challenges (30 pts.)
Project 3x: DNSCrypt on Windows (15 pts.)
Project 4x: Encrypting Text in ECB and CBC Modes (15 pts.)
Project 5x: Exploiting ECB Encryption (35 pts.)
Project 6x: Protecting SSH with Fail2Ban (15 pts.)
Project 7x: Protecting a Server with iptables and iptstate (10 pts.) (Updated 11-8-16)
Project 8x: Exploit Hackazon (20 pts.)
Project 9x: XSS Extra Credit (25 pts.))

More projects will be added later

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Links

Links for Chapter Lectures

Ch 1a: Highly Secure Dogfood
Ch 1b: Online Voting - Follow My Vote - 100% Secure
Ch 1c: Android Apps Vulnerable to Code Modification
Ch 1d: Security Problems at Colleges
Ch 1e: CMS Vulnerabilities are Decreasing

Ch 2a: SOAP Examples

Ch 3a: RESTful Resource Naming
Ch 3b: SOAP Examples
Ch 3c: HTML form enctype Attribute
Ch 3d: Microsoft Edge Browser won't support ActiveX, VBScript, other Internet Explorer features
Ch 3e: VBScript is no longer supported in IE11 edge mode (Windows)
Ch 3f: JavaScript HTML DOM
Ch 3g: DOM example
Ch 3h: Map; example of Ajax
Ch 3i: Simple Google Maps API Example - Jayway
Ch 3k: XMLHttpRequest - Wikipedia

Ch 4a: Using Burp Spider
Ch 4b: How To Burp -- Slides from David Brown
Ch 4c: Web Common Directories and Filenames - Word Lists Collection
Ch 4d: GitHub - spinkham/skipfish: Web application security scanner created by lcamtuf for google - Unofficial Mirror
Ch 4e: Skipfish project instructions
Ch 4f: OWASP DirBuster Project
Ch 4g: GitHub - sensepost/wikto
Ch 4h: httprecon project - advanced http fingerprinting
Ch 4i: Electronic & Transactional Content Management | OpenText, Vignette
Ch 4j: httprint download (from 2005)
Ch 4k: Web Application Fingerprint (OWASP-IG-004)
Ch 4l: How to use Httprint on Kali Linux
Ch 4m: Using HTTP Methods (GET, POST, PUT, etc.) in Web API
Ch 4n: OWASP DirBuster -- Replaced by Zed Attack Proxy
Ch 4o: OWASP Zed Attack Proxy

Ch 5a: HTTP ETag - Wikipedia
Ch 5b: JavaScript Form Validation
Ch 5c: Serialization - Wikipedia
Ch 5d: JAVA De-serialization: It can't get any simpler than this !!
Ch 5e: WCF Binary Soap Plug-In for�Burp (for Silverlight)
Ch 5f: JAD Java Decompiler Download Mirror
Ch 5g: Flasm Flash decompiler
Ch 5h: Flare Flash decompiler
Ch 5i: WebInspect: Dynamic Analysis, DAST, Penetration Testing Tools | Hewlett Packard Enterprise
Ch 5j: .NET Decompiler: Decompile Any .NET Code | .NET Reflector
Ch 5k: Code refactoring - Wikipedia
Ch 5l: Java Optimize and Decompile Environment (JODE)
Ch 5m: JavaSnoop Download
Ch 5n: Hacking Java Applications using JavaSnoop - InfoSec Resources

Ch 6a: Microsoft Passport and Windows Hello
Ch 6b: Obama's Internet Plan Sounds an Awful Lot Like a National Internet ID (from 2011)
Ch 6c: How Weev's prosecutors are making up the rules (2013)
Ch 6d: Errata Security: AT&T provides free user information yet again
Ch 6e: Secret Microsoft policy limited Hotmail passwords to 16 characters (2012)
Ch 6f: Basic access authentication - Wikipedia
Ch 6g: Digest access authentication - Wikipedia

Ch 7a: ASP.NET View State Overview
Ch 7b: Samy Kamkar - phpwn: Attack on PHP Sessions and Random Numbers
Ch 7c: How to fix a website with blocked mixed content
Ch 7d: HttpOnly - OWASP
Ch 7e: PHP: setcookie - Manual
Ch 7f: [WEB SECURITY] Technical Note by Amit Klein: "Path Insecurity"

Ch 8a: IBM Knowledge Center - HTTP session manager troubleshooting tips
Ch 8b: Vulnerable USA Colleges

Ch 9a: escaping - How to escape apostrophe (') in MySql?
Ch 9b: javascript - Which Logic Operator Takes Precedence

Ch 10a: Microsoft retires Filemon and Regmon from Sysinternals

Ch 12w: Memory Forensics: Mandiant Redline
Ch 12x: Forensic Investigation with Redline
Ch 12a: apache.org incident report for 04/09/2010
Ch 12b: MySpace Worm Explanation
Ch 12c: StrongWebmail CEO's mail account hacked via XSS
Ch 12d: Two XSS Worms Slam Twitter
Ch 12e: Null Byte Injection in PHP
Ch 12f: Window atob() Method
Ch 12g: Saying goodbye to ActiveX, VBScript, attachEvent-- | Microsoft Edge Dev Blog
Ch 12h: Javascript Packer

Ch 13a: About IFRAME and clickjacking
Ch 13b: AJAX Introduction
Ch 13C: XMLHttpRequest Demo

Miscellaneous Links

Xtreme Vulnerable Web Application (XVWA) -- GOOD FOR PROJECTS
SQL Injection Videos - YouTube
DVWA - Damn Vulnerable Web Application
XVWA Reddit explaining why it exists
rapid7/hackazon · GitHub
OWASP Broken Web Applications Project
hackazon Installation Guide.pdf
OWASP Vulnerable Web Applications Directory Project
Hackazon -- Public hosted server!
Hackazon: Stop hacking like its 1999 - Dan Kuykendall - OWASP AppSec California 2015 - YouTube
Hackazon Test Site Review - CyberSecology
Wikto
XVWA - Xtreme Vulnerable Web Application -- SERVER TO HACK
Hackazon -- SERVER TO HACK
HTML "text-indent: -9999px" and holding the line
Incident Response for an SEO Spammed Website
Website Security: How Do Websites Get Hacked?
7 Security Measures to Protect Your Servers | DigitalOcean
Stop Forum Spam -- Useful for WordPress Sites
WS-Attacker · SOAP and XML attacks for web app pentesting -- USEFUL FOR PROJECTS
securityheaders.io -- USEFUL INFO
Security Archive - Case Study: phpbb.com Compromised (from 2009)
phpBB.com Hacked in Dec. 2014
dsnextgen.com iframe hack
Sfisaca.org ISACA San Francisco -- Domain is 46 years old?
Google Flagged My Site as Malware
Best Open Source Web Application Vulnerability Scanners - InfoSec Resources
WPScan -- Vuln Scanner for Wordpress Sites
How To: Use Thug Honeyclient to Investigate a Malicious Website
Thug - Python low-interaction honeyclient
Welcome to Thug's documentation!
Removing a PHP Redirector
Security Engineering - VERY USEFUL VULNERABILITY FIXES
LifeSize Room Exploits; \"skiplogin\" parameter FTW
OWASP VBScan is a Black Box vBulletin Vulnerability Scanner
GitHub\'s CSP journey
Victor Santoyo: How To Know If You\'ve Been Hacked | WordPress.tv
wordpress-exploit-framework
Vulnerable Web Application - bWAPP
Weaponized WordPress
How Google helps 600,000 webmasters re-secure their hacked sites every year
Online CSRF PoC Generator: A web alternative to the Burp Suite Pro and ZAP CSRF PoC generators
urlquery.net - Free URL scanner
CMSmap automates the process of detecting security flaws of the most popular CMSs
In Q1/2016 the most hacked platforms were #WordPress, #Joomla and #Magento. Get our full report here
SQLmap POST request injection
Joomla : Products and vulnerabilities -- 178 RCE vulns!
Wordpress : Products and vulnerabilities -- 53 RCE Vulns
Top 10 content management systems
CMS Vulnerabilities -- Security is Improving in Recent Years
Joomla 1.5 ( 3.4.5 - Object Injection RCE X-Forwarded-For Header (CVE-2015-8562) -- USE FOR PROJECT
UNIX / Linux Tutorial for Beginners
RingZer0 CTF -- GOOD FOR PRACTICE
Javascript without letters or numbers
JavaScript written only with brackets?
Tripwire Open Source vs. OSSEC : Which Is Right For You?
Downloads -- OSSEC
Intricately -- fingerprints sites
A Beginner's Guide to HTTP/2 and its Importance
Practical Website Hacking CTF
Practical Web Hacking CTF by InfoSecInstitute Write-up -- Ibrahim M. El-Sayed (the_storm)
Hack I-Bank Pro -- Burp defeating authentication
Google CTF -- Web Write-Ups (11/15) | Brett Buerhaus
Web Application Pen-testing Tutorials With Mutillidae (Hacking Illustrated Series InfoSec Tutorial Videos)
PHP Security: SUHOSIN
Over 78% of All PHP Installs Are Insecure (from 2014)
How to write insecure code - OWASP
PHP Tips, Resources and Best Practices for 2015
10 Most Common Mistakes That PHP Developers Make
7 More Mistakes Commonly Made by PHP Developers
18 Critical Oversights in Web Development
BApp Store: Burp Plugins
PHP-CGI Exploitation by Example
Remote code execution via PHP [Unserialize]
PHP Object Injection - OWASP
GitHub Pull Request Tutorial
Wiley: Evaluation Copies and Desk Copies
Secret, forbidden, black-hat technique of obtaining the textbook (DO NOT CLICK THIS LINK)
My Python Mirai Honeypot Script
WAHH Methodology desktop background for Web Application hackers

New Unsorted Links

Ch 13d: HTTP Response Splitting - OWASP
Ch 13e: Report: Microsoft Edge leaks private browsing data locally
How to Prevent Windows 10 From Automatically Downloading Updates
Rails SQL Injection Examples
Common Rails Security Pitfalls and Their Solutions
UXSS on Microsoft Edge -- Adventures in a Domainless World
Netgear starts patching routers affected by a critical flaw
US-CERT: Stop using your remotely exploitable Netgear routers
Attacking WordPress
SQL Injection in Rails: Live Demonstrations

          
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Last updated: 12-6-16 1:27 pm